1 ASPETTO - Waiting
To hunt game from a hide (GB) or blind (US) is called in France: "agachon". It is thus a technique of waiting whose effectiveness is conditioned by the quality of the apnea, which requires a good ventilation to remain longest under water. One will use this technique to hunt fish moving in full water (amberjacks and other pelagic), or fish swimming near the depth (seabass, seabreams and wrasses).
Approach: it is justified more especially as the depth is low; indeed, a noisy duck or a not very discrete descent will make flee fish. The choice of the post of waiting can be done either of surface when the visibility and/or the depth allow it, or in half-glides if one distinguishes the depth only progressively with the descent. When the good post was found (shelter of a wall, accesses of a hole, herbaria...), stop the swimming near the depth and finish your approach in diving. Choose the most discrete possible duck, back from the selected post and join it also discreetly. Pay attention with the fins which raise up by the current or with the noises of inopportune friction against the rock caused by the fins, the speargun or leads, which will systematically make flee fish. But there are noises which attract them: noises of throat to attract the seabass, scraping of grip against the rock to make come mullets... In any case, said although the fish, thanks to their sensory elements, will have detected since a long time your presence, more especially as the propagation of the noises in water is much more perceptible than in the air. Finally the crucial moment: the shooting. An arriving fish of face is very difficult to aim because it offers a little surface of shooting, therefore to shoot as soon as it starts to turn, and that most promptly possible if not you will see nothing that his tail! With the climb up also, discretion is of setting. Sometimes the fish did not arrive at range of shooting and thus it is important not to frighten it to try another "agachon". To go up, one can remake the way reverses in the case of another approach, or deviate discreetly from his post while benefitting the maximum of morphology of the depth. For an other waiting, either one attempt exactly at the same place, or at another being post nearby. The choice of the speargun is conditioned by the clearness of water and the type of required fish: more water is turbid and the reduced visibility, more the model used will be short. Conversely, if water is clear and/or if the fish is apprehensive, one will choose long models with great range.
2 THE GLIDE
Fishing with the glide consists in going down towards fish to shoot it while being let run, from where the name of this technique of fishing. Being about the glide, it starts as from the moment when the hunter reaches a negative buoyancy; the descent towards the depth can do without the assistance of the fins. The spearfisherman must then control its descent by spreading or by tightening the legs to manage its speed, by using the orientation of its body and its fins to manage its direction. Thus, if during the descent the hunter wishes to go towards the right, it has just only to make a rotation of its body in this direction to see its deviated trajectory. The fins are used then as a rudder. As for the waiting technique, discretion is a fundamental element in the good execution of a glide, therefore the duck should not be noisy, since the aim is to approach more close of fish without frightening it.
To try to reduce to the maximum the movements, one can advise to keep the hand which is used to compensate the balance of eardrums near the mask (to compensate, but also to mask its look of the hand, and this in order not to frighten fish by an attention too much attracting). To perfect discretion, the speargun can be held along the body then pointed slowly towards the target as we go near. The glide is a technique of hunting in its own right, but is also used as approach for techniques such as the waiting or hunting into holes. Generally, glides are made in clear and deep water, the principal difficulty being not be far from fish to shooting. For that, you can use a long speargun (100 cm and more) provided with sandows powerful. The depth and the weight of fish concerned with this technique recommend the use of the reel.
3 HUNTING IN HOLES
One of the characteristics of spearfihing is to go where is the fish. It is thus necessary to explore every nook and cranny of the rocks being able to be used to him as shelter. Many species are concerned with this type of hunting: sedentary fish such as congers, morays, greater forkbeards, groupers, and scorpionfishes, but also the seabreams which go into hole when they are in danger, and mullets during the reproduction.... According to the type of rock or his configuration, one can bet on type of fish which he can find there. Thus, horizontal fractures and other vertical or oblique faults are places privileged for seabreams. Just as the zones of madrepore with multiple exits. Another configuration, another fish, one can say that the grouper like large dark anfractuosities as caves which form its housing.
Nevertheless, not too much general information following because where one dives (the Mediterranean, the Atlantic, Channel...) the depths and the flora are different, from where a change of lifestyle of fish. One can practise hunting into holes with any depth, and obviously, more it is deep, more it is difficult. Indeed, the difficulty increases with the type of required fish (grouper for example), and is amplified by the possible problems related to this type of fishing: an arrow trapped into a cavity, a fish difficult to extract from its hole, small details which make that by eagerness we forget that we are in apnea, with the consequences which you can sense. Also not reject the psychological effect of this fishing method. It can be sometimes difficult to be getting close to a hole a little darker than the others, or to be made small frights when your tuba bump against the vault of a hole, which causes irremediable to fill the mask with water. But once again, act with discretion, especially at the approach of the hole. The inappropriate blows of speargun against the rock will systematically doomed any attempt to failure. Even the hand which is posed against the rock and produces such a light noise may frighten fish. It is necessary to be discrete. Thus, one will prefer to approach the hole by the top by holding the speargun so that the release of the shooting is done with the thumb and not with the index, or by side, but never of front. The point of the arrow must be put when we set apart the interior of the hole. Moreover, its orientation will follow the direction of the look to allow a possible shooting with instinct.
Often the hole observed is dark and all the recesses are difficult to distinguish. No panic: at the end of a few seconds the eyes start to grow accustomed to the darkness and some details which we had not distingui- shed appear then. To accelerate the vision, some hunters close the eyes in the last two meters deep of their approach. It can happen that the hole is packed and there, a double, sometimes a hat trick can be made. Nevertheless, the second or the third fish is most of the time badly arrowed and takes down themselves. One can thus prefer to make several profitable divings rather than one, while ensuring each shooting. Consequently, one will shoot initially those which are furthest away from large of the population to start again then. Important thing, to manage its stones. You found a beautiful fault, do not take all its inhabitants, that will be only better for your future divings. When hunting into holes, the principal characteristic required for the speargun is good handiness. Thus should be chosen short models: 50 to 75 cm, with an arrow of 6,5 or 7 mm equipped preferably with a short tongue. A too important power of the sandows is not justified. Arm if possible your arrow in the first notch: you will double longevity of the point.
4 INDIAN HUNTING
It is the most spontaneous technique for the novice spearfisherman. It consists in shooting, while adjusting quickly, the fish of meeting. It can be practised on the surface, while skirting the escarpments of the coast or those of the falls, while going down towards the depths between the head of posidonias or the stones, or during the rising by skiming the relief of sloping plans.
This technique can be practised in a way voluntary, or unexpected, following an unfruitful waiting. This hunting requires fast reactions. You may surprise fish, and not the reverse. If you are nose against nose with a fish, it is the latter which will react most quickly: a blow of tail and it will be out of reach your speargun. It is thus necessary to anticipate, at any moment to be ready to shoot, by constantly pointing speargun towards the supposed place from where a fish can emerge, because it was very difficulty to adjust a fish which moves quickly.
5 FISHING IN THE WASH
It is a not much used technique which thus consists in hunting fishes came to eat algae and small shellfish torn off the rocks beaten by the waves, and which are: mullets, seabass, seabreams and salemas. The technique consists, not to be swept away by the backwash, to be pined against the depth while being leaded to the maximum. This fishing, you understood it, is practised near the shore, in low depth. The purpose is to make a summary waiting and to watch for fish passing in the vicinity. The conditions are far from being favorable: in order not to be buffeted everywhere, it is necessary to be well fixed between two rocks or in an anfractuosity and firmly hold on tightly on any salient relief with the hand not holding the speargun . Water being dirty because shaked, fizzy and full of bubbles, it is necessary to have the brisk eye and to shoot on the furtive reflections hanging the sunlight. A speargun of 75 is advised, because beyond this length, it is impossible to maintain it thus to aim.